Deciduous Forest Information:


Deciduous Forest Annual Stats:
Temperature0°F to 100°F
Rainfall30 inches or more
Dewpointusually over 50°F
Soilrich, fertile
Temperate forests are dominated by deciduous trees but there are coniferous trees found dispersed in almost all deciduous forests. Temperate forests generally have a dry and/or cold season where most of the trees drop their leaves. Rainfall averages more than 30 inches (75 cm) annually. Fire is an important part of the nutrient cycle. It burns plants on the forest floor and returning their nutrients to the trees and wildflowers. If fires are suppressed in this biome, the forest floor becomes choked with underbrush to such an extent that when a fire does occur, the canopy (treetops) of the forest and all of its trees are incinerated. Fire suppression is therefore unhealthy in a deciduous forest. Soils are usually rich because of the leaf litter. Many deciduous forests have been converted to farmland because of this. Annual temperatures range from below 0°F to over 100°F. Sunlight can be intense, depending on cloud cover, and humidity is generally higher than grasslands or deserts. Major plants include oaks, hickories, beech, maple, ash, and sycamore trees. Common wildflowers include purple coneflower, black-eyed susan, and cornflower. Common animals include white-tailed deer, mice, opossum, raccoon, black bear, many birds (turkey, cardinal, wren, etc...) and more.



Pickle Springs Natural Area, Missouri.
By skuensting


Riparian area (along a creek), Hawn State Park.
By skuensting


The forest floor of a typical deciduous forest, mid-summer.

By By Stanislav Doronenko (nazdar!) (Own work) [GFDL, CC-BY-SA-3.0 or CC-BY-2.5], via Wikimedia Commons


Forest floor in spring.

By Jim Champion [CC-BY-SA-2.0], via Wikimedia Commons


Forest floor in a wildlife/human trail area. Note the lack of ground cover.

By Jim Champion [CC-BY-SA-2.0], via Wikimedia Commons


Leaves about to drop in the fall.
By skuensting

Temperate Deciduous Forest Distribution Map

By Terpsichores [CC BY-SA 3.0], from Wikimedia Commons