Excretion


  • Introduction
  • Connections between Fluid Compartments
  • Water Balance and Waste Disposal
  • How Excretory Organs Work
  • Excretory Organs of Invertebrates
  • The Mammalian Kidney
  • Functions of the Nephron
  • The Tubules
  • The Loop of Henle
  • Distal Tubule
  • Collecting Duct
  • Kidneys as Terrestrial Adaptations
  • Regulation of Kidney Function
  • RAAS (renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system)
  • Diverse Adaptations of the Vertebrate Kidney